Adjustable Rate Mortgages (also known as ARMs) have a variable interest rate. The monthly payments are recalculated on a regular basis to reflect changes in the market interest rate. Interest rates are typically lower than in fixed-rate mortgages, but expose you to the risk that market interest rates may rise in the future. ARMs allow you to fix the interest rate for the length of time that you plan to hold the loan without paying extra for interest rate protection you don’t need.
Common ARMs (on 30 year loans)
In the following scenarios, the first number is the fixed rate out of 30 years, the second number is how often the interest is adjusted annually.
The initial rate is locked for 10 years, annually adjusted the remaining 20 years.
The initial rate is locked for 7 years, annually adjusted the remaining 23 years.
The initial rate is locked for 5 years, annually adjusted for the remaining 25 years.
The initial rate is locked for 3 years, annually adjusted for the remaining 27 years.
1 Year ARM
Interest rate and adjust annually.
6 Month ARM
Interest rate and adjust semi-annually.
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